“With fossil evidence proving that cockroaches have been around for more than 300 million years, they are one of the oldest groups of insects on the earth. They are also one of the most common – perhaps because they have been around longest,” reports The Spruce!
“Due to this longevity, they are considered to be one of the hardiest groups of animals. This resilience can make their control “a homeowner’s most difficult task because of the time and special knowledge it often involves,” according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Most common cockroaches
The most common cockroach species in the U.S. are:
German Cockroaches are among the most pervasive pests, invading homes, restaurants, hotels and any space they can squeeze into. German Roaches are the smallest species of cockroach, allowing them to fit into very small areas and go unnoticed for long periods of time, until their populations explode. Like all cockroaches, German Roaches will eat nearly anything and reproduce at alarming rates, making them difficult to deal with alone.
American Roaches are the largest species of cockroach and they make an immediate impression. Seeing these large, fast bugs around your home or business is scary, especially in large numbers. Though American Roaches are not poisonous or known to attack, they can carry disease over food or around your home and cause damage to your home. They multiple very quickly and a few cockroaches can easily get out of hand in a matter of weeks or months.
“Cockroaches like Oriental roaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. Oriental cockroaches’ habit of feeding on filth means that they are likely to pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces,” reports Pest World.
“Brown-branded roaches have been reported to spread at least 33 kinds of bacteria, six kinds of parasitic worms and at least seven other kinds of human pathogens. They can pick up germs on the spines of their legs and bodies as they crawl through decaying matter or sewage and then carry these into food or onto food surfaces. Recent medical studies have shown that cockroach allergens cause allergies and exacerbate asthma attacks, especially in children. And brown-banded cockroaches have been identified as a species of roach that can cause such reactions,” explains Pest World.
Why cockroaches survive
There are several characteristics of why cockroaches have survived over 300 million years:
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